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Making inferences is a higher-order thinking skill that may seem difficult for many students. However, my purpose today is to show you how easy it can be taught and how much fun your students can have by using their power of observation. Essentially, students learn best when they are given "real-world" examples to make inferences.
What is an inference?An inference is an educated guess or a conclusion about what is happening that is drawn from evidence and reasoning. The viewer or reader uses his knowledge and information come up with one or more possible reasons for a particular event. In many cases, the conclusion may not be accurate, however, the power of reasoning can be used convincingly. For example, take a look at picture A.
OBSERVATION: The girl is getting her face painted.
POSSIBLE INFERENCES: (1) She's at a birthday party.
(2) She's an actress.