Teaching Number Facts up to 20

Tens Frame

Tens Frames for 15


In my first grade class (Second Year Infants) I always use ten frames and triangles to teach number facts up to 20. They are great visuals that can get students to recall number facts quickly. I also teach both addition and subtraction together so that students can actually play around with the signs and the facts so that they can see patterns and form relationships.

Number facts can be very difficult for students to grasp if it is not done in a meaningful and practical way. I spend a lot of time getting students to build numbers on these frames then eventually transfer these 'pictures' in 2D form, that is, they use numbers and signs to record their sentences. e.g. 

When students understand the relationship of these facts and the signs learning number facts would be so much easier.

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Apples and Dots Fact Family Frames

Base Ten Block Party! Frames for Every Teacher

Upper Elementary Blogs and Resources

photo of: The Great Upper Elementary Pinterest Link UP hosted by RainbowsWithinReach

So you teach upper elementary (Std 3 to 5) and you're in need of a lot of ideas to pin down learning for your students. Well, here is the pool to begin your search. Debbie Clement from Rainbows Within Reach has given you a headstart. She has organized some beautiful and inspiring ideas from all over blogworld and pinterest into a neat list of links just for you! So if you're pinterested you can take time to search ALL great and pinspiring blog links! 

The Invaluable Task Cards!

Have you ever heard about task cards? Do you know what they are all about? Well let me tell you a little about this wonderful teaching tool. Task cards are actually that, little cards that contain some task or activity for students to complete. It can be used for both individual and group learning. Task cards are an invaluable tool for today's teacher because of its ability to target a wider range of skills and to promote student autonomy. It captures a more detailed picture of how much students have learnt because it requires them to use more of their knowledge to complete the task. The fact that its use allows a buzz of social activity through collaborative learning makes it a very invaluable asset! 

Types of Task Cards

Task cards can be made to mirror your style of assessment in your classroom. Assuming that you do try to vary your question types, task cards can be created as simple activities, Multiple Choice itemsShort Answer Responses or Open-Ended Responses. For a great breakdown of these types and some more details hop on over to the website of fellow blogger Rachel Lynette of Minds in Bloom at Totally Task Cards!

How to Create Your Own Task Cards!

There are many task cards that you can purchase from the internet (including my SayNoName Synonym Task Cards). However, it is also very rewarding to create your own. All you need are:

Index cards
A pen
A task(s)

If you prefer, you can always create them using a word processor program. Just print, laminate and cut.

Task Card Examples

Take a look at these Task Card ideas that I have gathered from Pinterest! Click on the pictures to get to the source!  


Math Task Cards


Task cards